Monastery that allowed monks to practice semi-independent asceticism (q.v.). Monks lived in individual dwellings (cells [q.v.]), leading solitary lives of work and prayer. However, they remained under the supervision of an archimandrite (q.v.). He gathered them together on weekends for prayer and fellowship within a group of buildings that included a common church, refectory, kitchen, bakery, stables, storerooms, and sickbay. Thus, the lavra was a form of monasticism (q.v.) somewhere in-between that of the isolated anchorite (q.v.) and the koinobion (q.v.). Nevertheless, the term lavra came to refer to important koinobitic monasteries on Mount Athos (q.v.), most notably the Great Lavra (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lavra — lavra …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Lavra — Freguesia de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • lavră — LÁVRĂ, lavre, s.f. Mănăstire mare în unele ţări ortodoxe, unde călugării locuiesc în chilii construite la distanţă unele de altele, în felul caselor unui sat. – Din sl. lavra. Trimis de baron, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  lávră s. f. (sil. vră), g …   Dicționar Român

  • Lavra — bezieht sich auf Lawra, orthodoxe Einsiedlerkolonien Lavra (Portugal), eine Gemeinde im nordportugischen Kreis Matosinhos Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lavra — Lavra, Kloster, s. Laura …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • lavra — s. f. 1. Ato de lavrar. 2. Arte, ação, maneira de mobilizar o solo; lavoura. 3.  [Minas] O trabalho de extração de metais. 4.  [Figurado] Cultura, fabricação. 5. Laboração. 6. Estabelecimento monástico, com celas separadas umas das outras. 7. … …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Lavra — In Orthodox Christianity and certain other Eastern Christian communities Lavra or Laura ( el. Λαύρα; Cyrillic: Лавра) originally meant a cluster of cells or caves for hermits, with a church and sometimes a refectory at the center. The term… …   Wikipedia

  • lavra — ● laure ou lavra nom féminin (grec laura, chemin étroit) Dans l Orient chrétien, hameau religieux habité par des moines isolés, qui se réunissaient une fois par semaine pour l office et les repas. Grand monastère orthodoxe. ● laure ou lavra… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lavra — Monastère de la Grande Laure de l Athos Un batiment du monastère …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lavra — Original name in latin Lavra Name in other language State code PT Continent/City Europe/Lisbon longitude 41.25936 latitude 8.71849 altitude 15 Population 9633 Date 2011 08 28 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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